Here’s a throwback to a reader favorite: The 100 objects that define the Magic Valley.
The 110th anniversary of the Times-News was Oct. 28, 2014 and we commemorated our anniversary by celebrating the Magic Valley. For 100 days leading up to our anniversary, we published a photo and short story about something important to the Magic Valley.
It's still a great way to get to know the community better and make sure you know of these objects.
#1 Old Towne Silos
TWIN FALLS • The “silos” are perhaps the most distinguishable features in Twin Fall’s Historic Warehouse District.
The six concrete structures, which are actually grain elevators and not true silos, were built in 1915 by the Twin Falls Milling and Elevator Co., a division of Colorado Milling and Elevator Co.
The company was well known for its flours, Idahome, Twinida, Shone-Mist and Duncan Hines.
The elevators rise seven stories high, near the railroad tracks at 516 Hansen St. S. off Shoshone Street.
All that remains of the milling operation today are its silos and warehouse.
The silos were listed in the National Register of Historic Places in 1995, along with the warehouse.
#2 The I.B. Perrine Memorial Bridge
TWIN FALLS • The I.B. Perrine Memorial Bridge is a symbol of Twin Falls. Driving over the span means home for Twin Falls residents and a splendid view from the deck for visitors.
The bridge, named after I.B. Perrine, one of the founders of Twin Falls, is 486 feet above the Snake River and about 1,500 feet long.
In 1927, a steel cantilever bridge first opened and was named the Twin Falls-Jerome Intercounty bridge. At the time, it was the highest bridge in the world. Old-timers may remember that the bridge originally had tolls. Tolls were eliminated in 1940 when the state bought the bridge.
Construction on the current bridge began in May 1973 after the old bridge became outdated. The Perrine Bridge was completed in 1976, and the old bridge was removed.
BASE jumping began from the bridge in the late 1980s. The Perrine is known worldwide as the only man-made structure in the U.S. where BASE jumping is allowed year-round without a permit.
Every summer, BASE jumpers hurl themselves off the railing, culminating each September in the Perrine Bridge Festival.
#3 The Steer That Never Left the Stockyard
TWIN FALLS • The Twin Falls Live Stock Commission Co. made its first sale in 1937, but it’s sold hundreds of thousands of stock animals since.
“There’s a lot of animals that move through here,” office manager Sheila Smith said Monday.
One animal that came and never left was a 16-year old longhorn raised by Laray Easterday, of Buhl. He brought it to auction about four years ago, and company manager Bruce Billington bought it.
The steer’s body was “hamburgered,” Smith said, but its mottled white head and neck are mounted on the stockyard’s office wall.
“He looks a lot better than he did when he was alive,” Smith said, after Schiermeier Taxidermy, of Twin Falls, “beefed him up” and turned down his horns “to fit him in.”
If you look close into the longhorn’s eyes, you can make out a reflection of the train tracks along Minidoka Avenue that once brought animals to the yard. But don’t ask why the steer's name is Burt. Smith and coworker Marsha Young don’t want to get in trouble.
“Anybody who knows this place will know why,” Young said.
#4 The 6th Hole at Blue Lakes Country Club
JEROME • In 1945, a group of investors leased I.B. Perrine’s Blue Lakes Ranch in the Snake River Canyon for a new golf course north of the river.
A 9-hole course was created in the bottom of the nearly 400-foot canyon, downstream from the Perrine Bridge.
In 1964, the Blue Lakes Country Club bought the property and expanded the course to 18 holes.
But the sixth hole remains many golfers’ favorite.
The hole is “a breathtaking 200 yards par three with a 200-foot elevation drop from the tee to the green, with the Snake River as a backdrop,” said Mike Hamblin, Blue Lakes golf pro.
The tee is perched on a ledge in the canyon. The trick is to calculate how far the ball will travel in the air as it falls 200 feet below the tee.
“With any wind at all, it makes it a really hard shot,” Hamblin said.
Evel Knievel played here in 1974 before his failed jump of the Snake River Canyon. PGA tour professional Davis Love III, actor Bruce Willis and many other celebrities have played at Blue Lakes Country Club, too.
#5, Shoshone Falls
TWIN FALLS • Shoshone Falls, referred to as the "Niagara of the West," is actually about 45 feet higher than its East Coast counterpart, at 212 tall and 900 feet wide.
Tourists flock year-round to the waterfall, a symbol of Twin Falls. But it’s most popular in spring and early summer, before diversion of the Snake River for irrigation diminishes the water levels.
Over the years, the falls' height has attracted daredevils as well. Al Fausset canoed over Shoshone Falls in 1929 and lived to tell the tale. A 1905 edition of the Twin Falls Daily News said Harry Wilson jumped from a rock at the top of the falls.
Another man, 21-year-old Tom Rauckhorst, took a dive from the falls’ south shoulder in 1974, the day before Evel Knievel’s failed attempt to jump the Snake River Canyon. While at the falls, Rauckhorst announced to a group of tourists that he was going to take a dive. He lost consciousness when he hit the water but resurfaced and swam to shore, where he was taken via motorcycle to the hospital. For a more comfortable way to see the falls, go to http://shoshonefalls.tfid.org/live.htm.
#6, Irrigation Pivots
TWIN FALLS • For thousands of years, irrigation was labor-intensive as man used gravity to move water from place to place.
Eventually, center pivots took over the local landscape and changed agriculture forever.
The center pivot was developed some 60 years ago, said Brent Peterson, branch manager of Rain For Rent in Paul. But the concept took a couple of decades to catch on in Idaho.
The transition from farming rectangular fields to “crop circles” occurred mostly in the 1970s in the Magic Valley, Peterson said.
Advances over the years have made pivots the most efficient method of irrigation known to growers, he said. Low-pressure drop nozzles evenly mist crops rather than hitting plants with bursts from brass impact sprinklers.
Pivots now are electrically driven, use GPS technology and have touch-screen control panels. Some can be controlled from a smart phone, he said.
That’s a far cry from the days when wheel lines were self-powered, turned by the growing weight of buckets, hanging from the wheels, as they filled with sprinkler water.
#7, Amalgamated Silos
TWIN FALLS • Nearly 100 years ago, Amalgamated Sugar Co. of Ogden, Utah, announced it would build a factory in Twin Falls if local farmers would commit to growing 5,000 acres of sugar beets.
A 200-acre site was acquired east of town, and the plant was finished in time for the 1916 harvest.
Now the sugar company contracts 30,000 acres of sugar beets each year in the Twin Falls district.
The plant’s most distinguishable feature is a set of large concrete silos along its south side.
The silos are used to store and condition sugar, said Stan Case, company technical assistant.
“Most people don’t want lumpy sugar,” he said. “We use air and heat to make the sugar free-flow like water.”
Amalgamated Sugar markets its sugar under the White Satin label.
#8, That Old VW
TWIN FALLS • The 1965 Volkswagen Karmann Ghia sitting next to Garner Volkswagen and Porsche Service doesn’t look fast, but it was.
“That’s an old race car I raced 32 years out at Thunderbluff Raceway,” owner Steve Garner said Wednesday at his downtown Twin Falls garage.
“Back in the old days,” Garner ran a 2,180 cubic-centimeter motor that could hit 90 mph at the dirt circle track south of town.
“It used to be a lot of fun,” he said.
Garner won the Mini-Stock Championship with the car in 1981, among numerous other races. “Most all of em,” he won.
Garner bought the car in Kimberly in 1981. It was junk with no engine, just as it is today. The white No. 5 on each door is fading into black, and the tires are rotting .
In retirement, the car has been a playhouse for Garner’s children and grandchildren, he said.
”I’ll probably just scrap it out someday.”
#9, Stone Fireplace at Minidoka Site
EDEN • A large stone fireplace and other remnants still stand at the Minidoka National Historic Site, where thousands of Japanese-Americans were forced to live at the Minidoka Relocation Center during World War II.
“A fireplace and 16-foot-high chimney, both of the same basalt rock construction, are incorporated into the east side,” says a 2001 publication, “This is Minidoka,” by the National Park Service. The pamphlet includes photos of what’s left of the stone fireplace.
After the attack on Pearl Harbor, President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed Executive Order 9066 in February 1942, forcing more than 120,000 West Coast Japanese-Americans into temporary incarceration facilities.
On of the 10 centers was the Minidoka Relocation Center near Eden. It had more than 600 buildings on 33,000 acres.
“Minidoka held a peak population of about 9,400 at one time, but over 13,000 people were assigned to the center from inception to closing,” the publication says.
After the war, the area was divided into small farms. In all, 43 farms were allotted to World War II veterans through a lottery system.
#10, Blue Heart Springs
Blue Heart Springs is a gem hidden among the gushing canyons of the greater Thousand Springs site near Hagerman.
The area was carved out by a whirlpool in the Bonneville Flood about 15,000 years ago and is tucked in a cove off the Snake River near Box Canyon. The feature regularly attracts kayakers and boaters, as it is not easily accessible on foot.
“You can hike down from Box Canyon, but it’s not easy and I haven’t seen too many people do it,” said Steve Meckler, owner of 1000 Spring Tours. “Sometimes there’s so many boats we can’t even get in there.“
The spring, encased in the Snake River Canyon’s signature lava rock walls, features crystal water punctuated by bubbles percolating from the ground beneath, as well as curious underwater rock formations and fish swimming casually around visitors’ watercraft.
First-time visitors are often enraptured by the site’s beautiful blue water, said Meckler, who visits the spring at least once a day while on tours with his company. “There’s just no other place like it that I know of.”
While the spring looks inviting, swimmers are warned: At a constant 58 degrees, the spring may take your breath away.
#11, Milner Historic Recreation Area
BURLEY • The Milner Historic Recreation Area is home to miles of pioneer Oregon Trail.
People can walk on the trail in the area, 9 miles west of Burley along the Snake River. But motorized vehicles are prohibited, said Dennis Thompson, outdoor recreation planner with the U.S. Bureau of Land Management.
In some spots, basalt rock is worn smooth where thousands of wagon wheels crossed them as the pioneers journeyed west in the 1880s.
Before the trails were used by the pioneers, they were used by fur trappers and Indians.
The area also has trail-side campsites and graves of the pioneers. Several recreation sites and a boat ramp dot the 4-mile shoreline, Thompson said.
The recreation area lies above Milner Dam, and a person can stand at Perch Point and watch water going over the dam, he said.
Fishermen catch bass, channel catfish, yellow perch and trout here, and the site is popular for ice fishing in winter.
North of the west entrance to Milner is an interpretive shelter and hiking trail leading to some of the wagon ruts.
“People also need to be aware that it’s illegal to pick up anything from the Oregon Trail,” Thompson said.
#12, Register Rock at City of Rocks
ALMO • Register Rock and Camp Rock at the City of Rocks National Reserve contain names of the pioneers who left their mark as they passed through the area from 1843 to 1882 on the California Trail.
Numerous emigrant signatures are scrawled across the sheltered faces of the granite monoliths, said Wallace Keck, superintendent at City of Rocks National Reserve and Castle Rocks State Park.
The history on some of the names has been documented.
Alcoves have protected many of the names from weathering, Keck said.
Nearby springs made the rocks a natural stopping point for the pioneers on their trek west.
Emigrant diaries document the travelers’ impressions of the imposing natural features at the park. Many commented on the beauty of the landscape more than any other element.
The National Park Service acquired the land around Register Rock in 2005.
An interpretive sign is at Camp Rock, the rock that draws the most visitors.
“But Register Rock probably has the best-preserved signatures,” said Keck.
#13, Camas Prairie's Birding and Wildflower Paradise
A 15-mile stretch of prairie near the small town of Fairfield provides stunning views of wildlife, an abundance of birds and the signature Camas Lilies that bloom there.
The 3,100-acre Camas Prairie Centennial Marsh Wildlife Management Area is home to thousands of migrating birds, including waterfowl, shorebirds and others and is set against the Soldier Mountains, which rise 5,000 feet above the prairie valley.
The area is home to the annual “big bloom” of camas lily, which occurs throughout May, the best viewing occurring during the last ten days of the month, the U.S. Forest Service reports.
The lily was used by Native Americans of the area for medicinal purposes and its roots were collected to make bread. During their exploration of the area, Lewis and Clark — low on food at the time — were introduced to the plant by the Shoshone and Nez Perce tribes.
“Given the importance of this plant species to the Nez Perce, Meriwether Lewis prepared a 1,500-word description of the plant and its uses,” the Forest Service reports. “In another description of this species written in June of 1806, Lewis mistook … a valley of blooming camas (lilies) as a lake, stating, ‘From the colour of its bloom at a short distance it resembles lakes of fine clear water so complete is this deseption that on first site I could have swoarn it was water.’”
The area is the staging point to explore the Fairfield Ranger District, which features hiking, biking, horseback riding and camping.
#14, Box Canyon
You reach a dusty parking lot, off a country road outside Hagerman, and see a trail through the sagebrush next to farmer's field. Less than a mile’s hike stands between you and one of the natural wonders of the Magic Valley.
Earl M. Hardy Box Canyon Springs Nature Preserve is where waters fed into the ground to the north again surface and feed into the Snake River. The canyon’s effect on the river’s water quality is why The Nature Conservancy bought it in 1999 and helped the Idaho make it a state park, said Lou Lunte, who works for the conservancy.
“The ground works as a filter and really cleans the water,” said Lunte. “It comes out super clean and cold.”
Once you reach the canyon’s observation deck, go left and follow the trail for some magnificent views. After a bit, you reach a trail to scramble down into the canyon. If you keep walking at the top of the canyon, soon you reach a high point where you can see the color contrast as the canyon’s intensely blue waters dump into the Snake. Or, head down to the waterfall in the canyon, and take a dip in the water below it. It’ll be either refreshing or make you feel like your organs are shutting down, depending on your tolerance for the cold. Savor the feeling, though, since by the time you make the strenuous hike back up, you'll feel ready to go swimming again.
#15, Vardis Fisher House
HAGERMAN • Writers wanting to get inside the mind of one of the greatest yet uncelebrated Idaho authors can visit Vardis Fisher’s home tucked away in Hagerman.
Fisher, often overshadowed by noted Idaho authors Ernest Hemingway and Erza Pound, wrote many of his novels sitting at a school teacher’s desk overlooking the crystal clear, spring-fed Hidden Lake.
The noted “Mountain Man” author built the reclusive cabin to write from through the early 1940s into the 1960s. Visitors still can see Fisher’s desk, albeit now rusty and weather-beaten, surrounded in what remains of the home destroyed by fire. From the burned remains stands a crumbling foundation and a brick chimney.
The public can access the property, called the Vardis Fisher Day Use Area, as it is part of Idaho Parks and Recreation’s Billingsley Creek unit. While Hidden Lake has fish, it is not stocked. A small path cut into the hill by years of foot traffic leads visitors to the site.
The area is next to Hagerman Valley Spring Water at 1114 E. 2700 South in Hagerman. Driving north on U.S. 30 toward Hagerman, turn right onto Tupper Road for 1 mile and look for the turn on the left.
#16, Balanced Rock
CASTLEFORD • More than 48 feet high, 40 feet wide and weighing 40 tons, Balanced Rock perches precariously on a pedestal only 3 feet by 17½ inches south of Buhl.
For hundreds of years, Paiute Indians were drawn to Salmon Falls Creek Canyon with its perpendicular rock formations.
Balanced Rock, towering 200 feet above the canyon floor, is paired with nearby Twin Falls County Balanced Rock Park, which offers fishing, tent camping, picnic areas and one rentable pavilion.
County Commissioner Terry Kramer was born and raised near Castleford and has heard many stories about the rock.
A shepherd, fearing the rock would topple onto his sheep, once tried to chop it down with an ax, Kramer said.
According to the “Early History of Castleford, Idaho,” in 1974, the narrow neck of the rock was shored up to prevent loss of the formation through vandalism.
Although many people assume the rock is owned by the Bureau of Land Management, Twin Falls County is the owner, Kramer said.
He said the park was developed by the Castleford Men’s Club and given to the county in the 1960s.
#17, Shoshone Falls Power Plants
SHOSHONE FALLS • Two hydroelectric power plants stand side by side, on the north side of the Snake River at the base of Shoshone Falls.
Construction of the first power house began in 1900 when Twin Falls founder I.B. Perrine persuaded Harry Hollister, of Chicago, to invest in the hydroelectric project.
Work on the tunnel for the pipe, or penstock, began the following year. Crews blasted rock from the base of the canyon and tunneled upward.
In August 1907, water was released into the penstock, and the power plant produced 500 kilowatts of electricity.
“The huge turbine wheel and the massive generator revolve at top speed with a sound like the purr of a satisfied tomcat,” wrote the Twin Falls Times when the Perrine plant came on line.
A second generator was installed in 1909, increasing production to 3 megawatts, the same as it produces today.
“Most visitors to Shoshone Falls don’t even notice the original gray building built by Perrine,” Idaho Power Co. spokesman Dan Olmstead said.
The company bought Perrine’s plant in 1916 and built another power house next to the original one in 1927. Dwarfed in size and production by its successor, the first power plant still produces electricity.
In all, the plants generate 12 megawatts.
Idaho Power plans to expand the site into a 60-megawatt facility someday.
#18, St. Edward's Catholic Church
TWIN FALLS • The history of St. Edward’s Catholic Church in Twin Falls spans more than a century.
In the early 1900s, Catholic Masses were held in private homes.
After community interest in building a church, the Twin Falls Canal Co. donated land, and a small wooden church was completed in 1905 on Second Avenue East.
As the congregation grew, church members saw the need for more space.
They acquired property across from Twin Falls City Park and broke ground on the new building on June 21, 1920. It was completed about a year later and cost $83,000 to $93,000.
“The congregation raised money for that beautiful building,” said Patricia Marcantonio, who wrote a 2003 book about the church, “On Holy Ground.”
Renovations have been made over the years, including the addition of a Parish Hall. The church has stained glass, and Marcantonio said she has counted more than 400 angels in artwork at the church.
St. Edward’s is a place of faith, but also a work of art and a piece of Twin Falls history, she said.
#19, City Park Bandshell
TWIN FALLS • City Park’s original bandstand, built in 1910, was an utter failure.
The bandstand was a lovely example of early 20th century architecture. But despite its charm, the bandstand was useless. The acoustics were terrible, and the band ended up sitting in front of the bandstand when playing for a crowd.
Several decades later, the bandstand was torn down, and Twin Falls architect Ernest H. Gates designed a new bandshell.
The city paid for materials, and labor was provided by three dozen men paid through the Idaho Employment Relief Administration, the state equivalent of President Franklin Delano Roosevelt’s Federal Emergency Relief Administration.
In the end, the new bandshell — described as a “permanent structure of beauty and usefulness” — cost the city only $700.
An estimated 800 tons of basalt rock from the Snake River rim and 10 tons of concrete were used to build the bandshell.
#20, Perrine Monuments at Bryan Point
BLUE LAKES • On the Snake River Canyon rim overlooking Blue Lakes Country Club stand the remnants of once-towering rock monuments built by three-time U.S. presidential candidate William Jennings Bryan.
The monuments were built in 1907, 10 years after Bryan befriended Magic Valley business magnate I.B. Perrine.
Two of the monuments were built in honor of Perrine and his wife, Hortense, said Randy Perrine, their great-grandson. The third was for Bryan himself.
Bryan came to Idaho in 1897, the year after he lost his initial run at the presidency. During a post-election campaign stop in Shoshone, Bryan met I.B. Perrine at his ranch in the Snake River Canyon — now Blue Lakes Country Club.
Bryan and Perrine became close friends. Bryan spent the next decade on the campaign trail, running for office in 1900 and again in 1908. Bryan made many visits to Twin Falls during those years and bought property in Jerome.
A lawyer by profession, Bryan opposed Clarence Darrow in the 1925 “Scopes Monkey Trial” in Tennessee and died shortly afterward. Bryan is buried in Arlington National Cemetery.
Despite efforts to save the monuments, the rock towers have continued to disintegrate, bit by bit. Randy Perrine continues preservation efforts today.
#21, Idaho's Lively Train Town
SHOSHONE • Shoshone’s signature train tracks brought to town sheepherders headed for the prairie, bootleggers headed for the bar, miners headed for the hills and celebrities headed to Sun Valley.
It was also critical in delivering lumber and supplies to settle the Magic Valley.
Established in 1882 in anticipation of the Oregon Short Line railroad, the town was reported to have “money plenty, times good and the liveliest town which has been seen in 20 years,” Jim Gentry wrote in his book, “In the Middle and on the Edge: The Twin Falls Region of Idaho.”
The current train depot was built in 1930 by Union Pacific in a mission style, likely due to the popularity of the company’s Boise station, said Claudia Reese with the Lincoln County Chamber of Commerce.
The original train station that stood when the rail was laid through the town in 1883 was uprooted to make room for the building that stands now, Reese said. It is unknown what became of the original building, she said.
Shoshone’s train tracks forever altered the flow of traffic west through Idaho, which had mostly been reserved to following the Snake River’s southern portions through Twin Falls via the Oregon Trail, Gentry wrote.
“While we were nearer a railroad, that great crack in the earth, the Snake River Canyon, isolated us, and we became a country of whispers until the construction of the Twin Falls canal, which brought new life,” said Charles Walgamott in Gentry’s book.
#22, The Animal House
SHOSHONE • Travelers whisking through the railroad town of Shoshone may see The Animal House, a large white building with its moniker boldly proclaimed in green letters.
So, what is The Animal House?
The building was once home to scores of Basque sheepherders who stayed there passing the winter lambing season, said Ben Oneida, owner of Ben’s Repair in Shoshone.
“It was kind of a place for them to get together with people that spoke the language because nobody else did,” he said.
The building is one of at least seven boarding houses that once stood in Shoshone, many owned by the area’s Basque families, Oneida said. Oneida’s great-grandmother ran such a boarding house, called Mother Oneida’s, which had a bowling alley with hand-operated pin setters.
The Animal House was once owned by Carlos Berriochoa. A local woman bought the building, converted it into a pet supply business for a while, giving the building its name. The building is now boarded up and vacant.
Its name may lead some to falsely confuse its history with that of a nearby building that was once filled with Leora Coffey’s big game trophies, said Claudia Reese, of the Lincoln County Chamber of Commerce.
“She traveled all over the world shooting animals,” Reese said. “She hung them on the wall and charged admission to see them."
#23, Manhattan Cafe
SHOSHONE • Despite its humble appearance, Shoshone’s Manhattan Café has a storied history in the small railroad town, and has served the hungry stomachs of several celebrities passing through.
The Manhattan Café was opened in 1890 and was then known as the Opera House Café or the Chinaman’s Café, owner George Wyant said. Those names came from the eatery’s proximity to the nearby theater and that Asian American immigrants owned the cafe for decades, he said. He wasn’t sure when or why the name changed to “Manhattan.“
The restaurant operated in its original building until a 1961 when a fire destroyed much of the original structure. When it was reopened, the business expanded into portions of a neighboring building, too. Some of the original structure remains in the building today and Wyant has remodeled the café several times.
Ernest Hemingway, Gary Cooper and Randolph Scott were among the famous names that stopped in to eat before heading north to Sun Valley, he said.
“Hemingway used to hunt pheasants around here and come in all the time,” Wyant said. “… These were people before my time, but the old timers told me they came in."
#24, Russet Burbank: Making Idaho Famous
TWIN FALLS • Although Presbyterian missionary Henry Spalding planted the first potato in Idaho to show the Nez Perce that they could grow their own food, Mormon settlers in southeast Idaho were the first to plant a potato crop.
But the roots of Idaho’s famous potato, the Russet Burbank, go back to 1872 Massachusetts, where a young gardener experimented with the Early Rose potato.
Luther Burbank, who would become the “father of modern horticulture,” nurtured a particular seedling, which produced three times the tubers of the average potato. He sold the variety to a man who dubbed it the Burbank potato.
A mutation of the variety was cultivated 40 years later in Colorado and became known as the the Russet Burbank.
Idaho’s climate of warm days and cool nights provides ideal climatic conditions for growing the famous bakers, so while most say the Russet Burbank made Idaho famous, others say Idaho made the Russet Burbank famous.
#25, Trout Mural in Buhl
BUHL • As part of Buhl’s centennial in 2006, community members decided to beautify a wall at Broadway Avenue and Main Street.
Students from the University of Idaho’s art department drew designs for a piece of artwork. After touring Buhl to get a taste of the area, they presented proposals to a committee.
Buhl resident Holly Langdon, who was on the committee, said they chose the top designs.
Then the final proposals went to a citizens group, which made the final decision, said former Buhl Mayor Barbara Gietzen.
The winner was a metal sculpture of trout swimming through reeds.
It’s a fitting tribute to Buhl, which bills itself as the “Trout Capital of America.”
The metal trout for the sculpture were fabricated at Langdon’s business, L.L. Langdon Inc.
Originally, the sculpture was multi-dimensional, but it had an issue with pigeon droppings, Langdon said.
Several years ago, the sculpture got an overhaul, including a new coat of paint. Now it hangs flat against the wall.
#26, Rock Creek Stage Stop
HANSEN • Ben Holladay, later known as the “Stagecoach King,” was the first to provide mail service along 675 miles of pioneer trails west of Salt Lake City.
In 1864, King established three stage stops in what would become the Magic Valley — one at the City of Rocks, another near the confluence of Rock Creek and the Snake River, and a home station on Rock Creek where the stream flowed from the South Hills.
Rock Creek Station was located along the tree-lined creek where thousands of emigrants on the Oregon Trail had rested on their trip west.
James Bascom and John Corder built the Rock Creek Store — the first permanent building between Fort Hall and Fort Boise — at the stage stop in 1865.
After the transcontinental railroad was completed in 1869, passengers bound for Idaho exited the train at Kelton, Utah, and took a stagecoach north.
The original Kelton Road, as it was called, passed through the City of Rocks and Goose Creek — which later became Oakley — and wound north of the South Hills to Rock Creek Station on its way to Boise.
#27, Magic Mountain
For decades, local school children have learned to ski there each winter, traveling up in convoys of school buses. In the summer its a destination for cycling, horseback riding and hiking. Magic Mountain may be modest compared to some other Idaho ski resorts, but it is the Magic Valley's very own backyard ski hill.
Located about 28 miles south of Hansen, the small resort has passed through several owners, each working to provide fun for the next generation of young skiers.
Each winter the mountain offers downhill and cross country skiing, snowboarding and snowshoeing.
In the summer, when other bike trails are hot and dusty, Magic Mountain offers a cool break from the summer sun. Cyclists can careen through the woods, take on steep hills, or get a ride up and glide all the way back down the mountain.
How to get there: Take Rock Creek Road south from Hansen and through the South Hills to get to Magic Mountain Ski Resort.
#28, Mount Harrison Fire Lookout
ALBION • From its many windows, the Mount Harrison fire lookout gives spectators a 360-degree view that can stretch 100 miles.
The current lookout was built in the early 1970s, but references to a lookout station on Mount Harrison stretch back more than 70 years, said David Ashby, recreation manager for the U.S. Forest Service.
“There has been a fire lookout on Mount Harrison ever since there was a road,” Ashby said.
A retired sheriff’s deputy staffs the station on weekends only from early July through September. Visitors are welcome when staff is on duty.
On the top floor in the center of the room is a fire finder, or big compass, that allows staff to call in the location of any wildfires they spot, Ashby said.
Most wildfires nowadays are reported first by citizens using cell phones.
The lookout is very popular and can receive a couple of hundred visitors a weekend, he said.
An interpretive sign near the lookout tells about a bomber that crashed there during World War II.
“When the water in Horse Thief Lake gets low, you can see a couple of wheels,” Ashby said.
Visitors also can see Christ’s Indian paintbrush, a very rare, pale yellow wildflower that grows only on the mountain. And they can watch hang gliders take off from the mountain’s edge.
“It’s pretty unusual to have a peak at almost 9.300 feet with a paved road that you can drive the family car up,” Ashby said.
#29, Chinese Rock Houses
TWIN FALLS • Gold was discovered below Shoshone Falls in 1869 and hundreds of miners moved into the Snake River Canyon in hopes of finding their fortunes.
Men worked the sand bars in the canyon for $4 per day, along the stretch of river between Milner and Clark’s Ferry, west of what would become Twin Falls.
But gold yields diminished quickly in the canyon, and many mining claims were sold or abandoned.
Chinese miners, who were previously discouraged from moving into the area, were eventually welcomed as American miners and sold their mining claims to the newcomers.
Springtown, the longest-lived mining town along the river, would eventually become known as the Mon-Tung Chinese site.
For 10 years, the Chinese mined the Mon-Tung site. They raised vegetables and herbs in terraced gardens and lived in crude rock huts. Several of these rock shelters remain in the canyon today.
According to the 1870 census, 28 percent of the population of Idaho Territory was Chinese — including many displaced railroad workers, and miners who had come to the United States specifically looking for gold.
#30, Howells Opera House in Oakley
OAKLEY • Conceived by Judge B.P. Howells, of Oakley, construction on the Howells Opera House began in 1904. According to the Oakley Valley Arts Council, Howells hired two carpenters, Elmer Mecham and Cyrus Cavanass, and two masons, George Croft and William Dummer, to construct his opera house.
Howells’ contracted workers used brown and red rhyolite rock quarried from the nearby Oakley foothills and wood taken from the Albion mountains.
In 1907, the building was completed at a cost of $22,000. Soon, Howells began bringing in performers from Salt Lake City, Boise, Seattle, Portland and San Francisco.
In the late 1920s, the opera house was sold to The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints and became known as the Cassia Stake Playhouse and then the Oakley Playhouse. Movies were shown in the theater. In the 1970s the church came close to demolishing the building due to deterioration and rising costs, but Oakley residents refused to see their beloved playhouse destroyed.
Residents formed the Oakley Valley Arts Council and purchased the building from the LDS church. Since then, Howells Opera House has seen numerous updates and expansions. The Oakley Valley Arts Council holds musical theater productions and other events there.
#31, Albion State Normal School
ALBION • As you drive over the mountains and into the little town of Albion in Cassia County, it’s hard to miss the old Albion State Normal School.
The old school campus nestles against the backdrop of Mount Harrison and is home to a collection of old buildings, history and ghost stories.
Established in 1893 by Idaho Legislature, the state school came to be thanks to the efforts of Albion citizens who donated land and labor to the school.
From 1893 to 1947, the school offered a two-year teacher training program. In 1947 it was renamed the Southern Idaho College of Education. Due to low income and lack of funding, the school closed its doors in 1951. The campus sat vacant until 1957 when it was used until 1969 by Magic Valley Christian College. In 2007, the school was auctioned off and was purchased by the Mortensen family.
Under the Mortensens’ ownership, the school has been used as a vacation retreat and family reunion destination. In the fall, the school campus takes on a darker, spookier atmosphere as the old buildings are transformed into the Haunted Mansions of Albion.
#32, High School Rocks
TWIN FALLS • Around the Magic Valley, many high schools have a painted spirit rock in front of the campus.
Often, it’s a way for graduating classes to show school pride. And sometimes, designs on the rock are created in memory of a classmate who has died.
In 2010, more than 50 members of Twin Falls High School’s Class of 1976 painted the spirit rock in front of the school, the Times-News reported.
So what did they write? “Class of ’76 rocks.” It was the first time in 34 years the class painted the rock.
Twin Falls High’s rock has a nearly 50-year history.
Over the years, spray-painted messages have included “beat Jerome” and birthday greetings. In some cases, students have written more political statements, such as protesting shorter lunches and supporting teacher negotiations.
Canyon Ridge High and Twin Falls High students have secretly painted each other’s school rocks, too.
About a year ago, a group of 1963 Twin Falls alumni painted the rock and adorned it with plastic dinosaurs in honor of what some call the greatest senior stunt ever.
Times-News reporter Mychel Matthews outlined what happened during the stunt in an August 2013 “Hidden History” column: Members of the senior class traveled to Gooding County and stole a large green dinosaur from the Rimview Cafe in Bliss. Somehow, they managed to return to Twin Falls with the 25-foot-long stegosaurus named Dinney and place it on the high school’s roof.
#33 Miracle Hot Springs
In 1957, Dean M. Olsen came across a natural hot spring while hiking near Hagerman. Realizing its business potential, he made arrangements with the owner to purchase the land. Dean sold his Jerome grocery store and bought the 76 acres. On the Miracle Hot Springs website, Dean’s son Larry recalls helping his father build the first prototype bath by the old spring in 1958.
The next year, they built the first six baths and a small home adjoining them.
On its first day of business in 1959, Miracle Hot Springs brought in $2.50 at 50 cents a bath.
As its popularity grew, outside pools and more baths were constructed. Today, it features 15 private hot pools, six VIP pools and four outdoor public pools. Miracle Hot Springs also offers opportunities to get a massage or stay the night. It is located 10 miles northwest of Buhl or nine miles south of Hagerman on Highway 30.
“The main attraction here is that we’ve been able to control the water in such a way that we can give you the temperature that you want. The cleanliness is there, draining everything after every bath and washing it down and refilling quickly,” Olsen told the Times-News in 2013. “People are really attracted to that, and it’s just a really fun place to come.”
The facility has been run by the Olsen family for three generations. Larry owned the business from 1986 to 2003.
Miracle Hot Springs is now owned and operated by Nathan and Enoch Olsen, and Enoch said the fourth generation has already started working at the facility.
#34 Magic Valley Speedway
Since 1986, racing fans have filled the stands at Magic Valley Speedway in anticipation of weekly, gasoline-fueled thrills.
"It's all about the adrenaline rush, just like the BASE jumpers out there," said Eddy McKean, who has owned the speedway since 2007.
The track was paved two years after it opened, shifting most car races to stock cars. The raceway has also hosted Indy and Sprint car races.
On Sept. 20, 1997, the one-third mile oval was host to Greg Biffle, who would go on to win 19 races for Roush Fenway Racing in NASCAR's Sprint Cup series. Biffle won his race at the speedway, McKean noted.
Over the years, the track as become an esteemed destination for racers, motor heads and spectators from around the region, McKean said. The track hosts races every Saturday night from mid-April through mid-September.
"There's a lot of speedways around but ours is just the right size for our area," he said.
Over the years, the speedway has continually evolved, most recently by adding a new concessions stand and technology building, McKean said.
#35 Pomerelle Mountain Resort
ALBION • The history of Pomerelle Mountain Resort stretches back decades to a time when people played in the snow at 500 S. on Idaho Highway 77.
The summer and winter playground was originally located where the Boy Scout camp is now, said Sandy Anderson, who purchased the resort with her husband, Woody Anderson, in 1973.
The resort operates on a permit through the U.S. Forest Service.
In the 1940s, the Civilian Conservation Corps built a day lodge at the Boy Scout campsite. The building is now used as the ticket sales office.
“They had a stove in it and served chili,” Anderson said. The day lodge was used for all types of activities, from serving food to facilitating conversations to tending injured skiers.
Later, a group of residents from Burley and Rupert used a tractor to move the building near its current location by the ski lodge.
In the early 1960s, a group of stock holders purchased the resort and later sold it to the Andersons.
“It was a dream come true to own a piece of our own little mountain,” said Anderson.
When they purchased the resort, there were many rope tows and one double chairlift. The rope tow has been replaced by a Magic Carpet for beginners that is one of the longest west of Mississippi, Anderson said. The double chairlift was replaced and a new triple chairlift installed.
The resort is a family-owned business and is managed by the Anderson’s daughter, Jody Burrows, and her husband John Burrows.
During the winter, the ski lodge offers a school ski program and many children have learned to ski there, Anderson said.
The resort is open during the summer on the weekends for chairlift rides, 18-hole disc golf and mountain biking.
Anderson said some moose have also adopted the mountain as their home.
“We don’t want any hunters to see them and get any glint in their eyes. They are part of our legacy and family,” Anderson said.
#36, Mammoth Cave
The largest volcanic cave in the world that's open to the public is off of Highway 75, just eight miles north of Shoshone.
The Mammoth Cave was used as a refuge by the prehistoric animals and people of the area, according to the cave's website. In 1902, some sheepherders stumbled across the cave. Bearing torches, they explored it.
"They wrote their names in charcoal on the white walls," said Richard Olsen, the cave's owner.
There are no records of further human incursion into the cave until 1954, when Olsen, then a high school senior, was hunting bobcats and came across the cave.
"It was something else," Olsen said.
He explored it with a flashlight, hoping to find treasure, as his scared girlfriend cried. But Olsen was enchanted by the place. He got title to it under the Small Tracts Act, and soon opened it to the public.
The self-guided tour is a quarter-mile long, and takes about a half-hour. One of the cave's distinguishing features is a rare, prehistoric, silver-colored microorganism that grows on the walls. Olsen said it was probably carried in by bats thousands and thousands of years ago, but nobody knows why it thrives here but not elsewhere.
"It's found in a few other caves, but it's very rare," Olsen said.
Adjacent to the caves is the Shoshone Bird Museum of Natural History. The building itself was built out of lava rock over the course of 30 years. Inside, you'll find thousands of stuffed birds and other animals, mounted, butterflies, fossils and historic artifacts from here and around the world.
The cave is open daily during the summer, 9 a.m. to 6 p.m., for groups of eight or more after Sept. 15. Admission is $10 for adults, free for kids aged 6 and under, and $5 for those ages 7 to 16, and this gets you into both the cave and museum.
#37, Murtaugh City Hall
Murtaugh's nearly 100-year-old City Hall was first a church that sat a mile south of town.
The first church services in Murtaugh were in the home of F. Lee Johnson, where most community activities were held.
In 1906, services moved to the new red brick schoolhouse on First Street at the edge of town. Services were nondenominational, with mostly Mormons and Methodists attending.
As the community grew, the Methodists held services on Sunday mornings and the Mormons on Sunday afternoons.
Eventually the Mormons moved their services to the home of J.I. Tolman, on U.S. 30 south of town. The Murtaugh area was part of the Marion Ward of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Tolman was the branch president.
Tolman donated land near his home for a building site and around 1916 a small church was built on U.S. 30. The Murtaugh Ward was formed in 1918.
Forty years later, the Mormons sold the building to the Methodist Church and built a larger building in its place. The Methodists moved the old building to its present location at Fourth and Denver streets. It remained a Methodist Church until the city of Murtaugh purchased the building in the early 2000s.
#38, Evel Knievel's Jump Site
On Sept. 8, 1974, Evel Knievel attempted to jump across the Snake River Canyon in a steam-powered rocket.
The feat failed after Knievel's parachute deployed early and sent the daredevil into the canyon below. The Butte, Mont., native barely escaped with his life and landed mere feet from the river.
Knievel's stunt, however, has not faded from the Twin Falls' memory, due in part to an ever-present physical reminder -- a 23-degree, 100-foot-long dirt mound seen to the east of the Perrine Bridge walkway.
The mound was supposed to be used for Knievel to ride a rocket-powered motorcycle off. That idea was deemed unfeasible by Bob Truax, who Knievel hired after a falling out with his original engineer.
Truax proposed Knievel ride across the canyon in a steam-powered rocket launched from a steel structure placed atop the mound. The structure, now gone, was set at a 56-degree incline to achieve the height and distance needed to pull off the stunt.
Some of the mound's original asphalt is still in place. The mound and a narrow strip of land leading up to it are now owned by the city of Twin Falls. Public access to the mound is limited as the city makes plans to turn the area into a city park.
Truax's son, Scott, is part of a team building a replica of the rocket his father built for Knievel. A nearly identical mound and steel structure are being built near the Hansen Bridge for a Sept. 7 jump to commemorate the 40th anniversary of Knievel's stunt.
#39, Ernest Hemingway Grave
One of America's most adored authors is buried under a marker that adheres to his famous style of writing -- simple and bold. The large, unadorned granite slab resting in the middle of Ketchum's cemetery bears only two lines of text:
ERNEST MILLER HEMINGWAY
JULY 21, 1899 -- JULY 2, 1961
The site is a mecca, of sorts, for writers and fans alike. The area is peppered with pennies, bottle caps, notes and trinkets. The ground is sometimes soaked in evaporated whiskey poured by those wishing peace to the Pulitzer Prize winner.
The Ketchum house where Hemingway killed himself shortly before his 62nd birthday is owned by The Nature Conservancy and closed to the public. Several other monuments and statues are erected around the area in the author's honor.
A bronze bust and typewriter are featured at Sun Valley Resort's suite 206, where Hemingway wrote much of "For Whom the Bell Tolls."
In keeping with Sun Valley's attitude toward celebrities, there are no public markers directing visitors to his grave.
The cemetery is located less than a mile from where Idaho 75 bends away from Warm Springs Road in downtown Ketchum. Hemingway's grave is located in the back part of the cemetery under several large pine trees. A worn path extends from the middle of the road that loops through the cemetery.
#40, Kimberly's Old Concrete Gym
KIMBERLY • For decades, Kimberly’s old gymnasium has drawn interest from newcomers and spurred stories among longtime residents.
The concrete structure was approved as a federal Work Projects Administration project in November 1941, before the Dec. 7 attack on Pearl Harbor.
By 1943, WPA projects were halted because manpower, materials and machinery were being directed toward World War II.
At the time, Kimberly’s school superintendent, L.A. Thomas, rallied the community and students to donate time and money for the gym.
Residents stepped up in the 1940s to finish it, even though times were tough, and it opened in 1944.
Now the gym is finally getting a long-awaited facelift.
A $1.5 million renovation to the L.A. Thomas Gymnasium started in late April and will be completed Sept. 1.
“We have modernized it, but we’re leaving the integrity of the building,” Schools Superintendent Luke Schroeder told the Times-News in July.
#41, Clover Trinity Lutheran Church
CLOVER • Prior to 1910, the Clover countryside outside of Buhl was high desert land called the Green Ranch.
An irrigation project — developed by the High Line Seed Co. — reclaimed 4,000 acres of this dry land by pumping leased water uphill from the high line canal to newly planted fields of red and white clover.
The Highline Pumping Project Co. then marketed the new Clover Tract to farmers in surrounding states. Settlers started buying up the farmland in 1912.
The town of Clover was founded by ten Lutheran families from Nebraska, who saw the advertisements and chartered an entire train to bring all their belongings over in 1914.
The Trinity Congregation in Clover was organized in 1915. The first church services were held in a two-story hotel built by The Highline Pumping Co. to house settlers until they could build homes of their own.
Clover Trinity Lutheran School was built that same year and the Trinity Lutheran Church was built soon after.
Today, the Clover Trinity Lutheran Church serves as the centerpiece of the town and boasts about 80 active members. And across the road from the church still sits the Clover Trinity Lutheran School, which educates children from preschool through second grade.
#42, Salmon Falls Dam and Reservoir
ROGERSON • About 35 miles south of Twin Falls stands a concrete dam nearly 225 feet high.
But you won’t see it until you are almost on top of it.
The Salmon Falls Dam stretches 450 feet across the top of the Salmon Falls Creek’s canyon.
The concrete structure, built in 1910, holds back some 230,650 acre-feet of irrigation water when full.
But in dry years, the numbers are much lower. An inadequate water supply has, from the beginning of the Salmon Tract, plagued farmers who depend on water in the reservoir to irrigate their crops.
When full, the Salmon Falls Creek Reservoir is 17 miles long and covers 3,400 acres above the dam.
The Salmon River Canal Co. delivers water to 187 shareholders through 300 miles of canals and laterals.
The Salmon Falls Dam was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2009.
The reservoir is a popular destination for fishing and boating, and recreation sites have been developed by Twin Falls County Parks and Waterways and the U.S. Bureau of Land Management.
#43, Twin Falls LDS Temple
TWIN FALLS • Construction of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints Temple in Twin Falls was announced in 2004 by then-Church President Gordon B. Hinckley. It was completed July 11, 2008, and 160,000 people toured the temple during its open house.
The church now uses 142 temples worldwide. The Twin Falls temple was the 128th built and has 31,245 square feet.
The local temple serves about 50,000 LDS members in the Magic and Wood River valleys.
The towering temple is 152 feet, 10 inches high, measuring to the top of the Angel Moroni statue, which stands 11-foot-10.
Church President Thomas S. Monson dedicated the temple on Aug. 24, 2008. Once an LDS temple is dedicated, it is considered “The House of the Lord,” and its sole use is as a place to save ordinances for mankind, said Del Traveller, spokesman for the LDS Church in Twin Falls.
#44, Twin Falls Canal System
The 110-year-old Twin Falls Canal Co. serves the largest privately funded reclamation project in the country.
The project -- the brainchild of Twin Falls founder I.B. Perrine -- was made possible by the Carey Act of 1894.
Construction of the Milner Dam on the Snake River was completed in early 1905.
The 9-mile stretch of canal from Milner Dam on the Snake River to Murtaugh Lake is called the "Shoestring."
Murtaugh Lake, which holds a two-day supply of irrigation water, was built at Lake Linden, a natural depression where Dry Creek and Cottonwood Creek converge south of Murtaugh.
From the headgates at Murtaugh Lake to the "Forks Diversion" south of Hansen, the canal is called the Main Line Canal. At the Forks, the waters divide into the High Line Canal to the south and Low Line Canal to the north.
The canal system irrigates 315 square miles or 202,000 acres.
#45, IFARM's Collection of Historical Farm Implements
JEROME — Jerome County was only a year old when Francis Egbert was born.
Now, at 94, Egbert guides tours of the Jerome County Historical Society's IFARM, which stands for Idaho Farm and Ranch Museum.
The IFARMis near the Flying J Travel Plaza off U.S. 93, just north of Interstate 84.
Egbert "was one of the 'instigators' of the Jerome County Historical Society," said Linda Helms, society secretary.
The IFARM is home to the largest collection of historic agricultural machines in the Northwest, Egbert said.
It also has a mill that ground the grain that fed the horses that were used to build the Milner Dam.
And it contains barracks from the Hunt Camp.
Each year, Live History Day at the IFARM provides "some great family entertainment and education," Egbert said. Live History Day this year is Sept. 13.
Egbert said he loves to show people what the country was like in the old days.
To arrange a tour of the IFARM, call the Jerome Museum at 208-324-5641.
#46, Cauldron Linn
Before the Snake River reaches Shoshone Falls, it first must navigate a hellacious, 40-foot wide stretch of canyon called Cauldron Linn, near Murtaugh.
Also known as Star Falls, the area 26 miles upriver from Twin Falls played a significant role in the history of the west’s first white explorers. Today it is a lesser-known but often favored section of the river, drawing tourists from afar to see mist soaring as the river slams the towering basalt.
In 1811, Cauldron Linn dashed the hopes of Wilson Price Hunt who, along with a band of other explorers, was headed west to establish a fur-trading station for John Jacob Astor.
Hunt and company left from Fort Henry aboard 15 cottonwood canoes thinking they had reached the Columbia River and could paddle their way to the ocean. In his book, Washington Irving wrote that Cauldron Linn was a “fearful abyss” and a “whirling and tumultuous vortex so frightfully agitated …” as to deserve its name.
Inside of the rapids, one of the group’s canoes split after hitting a rock and experienced steersman Antoine Clappine drowned.
The group split up — Hunt and 22 others walked the north bank of the river through modern-day Jerome County and Ramsay Crooks and the other 19 walked through Twin Falls County. The group reached the mouth of the Columbia River in February 1812.
#47, Auger Falls
TWIN FALLS • Auger Falls, long closed to the public, is now open and offers plenty to bikers, hikers, birdwatchers and history buffs.
The city bought the land from the company that owned it in 2002. A city task force studied the issue before making the purchase, said Parks and Recreation Director Dennis Bowyer. He said it was one of the last natural areas along that stretch of the Snake River, and the city wanted to make sure it stayed that way.
“The city was looking, really, at a kind of legacy of preserving this property,” Bowyer said.
In 2011, the city got some more land in that area that the federal Bureau of Land Management had owned, bumping up the park’s size to 680 acres. It opened to the public a few years ago, and became popular with mountain bikers. Bowyer said the city worked with them to develop the trails, which has also increased access for walkers and joggers.
“They have opened it up to more people, (so) people can kind of get to areas where they’d maybe not been before,” Bowyer said.
The site has seen some industrial use — there are still two privately owned power plants there. Idaho Frozen Foods used to pump wastewater into ponds on the site. Now, Bowyer said, the city pumps treated wastewater into some of the same ponds to reduce the amount of phosphates going into the river. The wetlands thus created also make a fine bird habitat.
There are some historic sites on the property associated with its use by late 19th century miners, and the remains of an old pioneer homestead that burned down a few years ago. Bowyer said he and the Twin Falls County Historic Preservation Commission plan to put in signs and a kiosk explaining the history. The city included money for this in the 2014-15 budget.
#48, L and L Classic Autos
WENDELL - L and L Classic Autos has about 10,000 salvaged cars sprawled across the desert north of Wendell, fading in the sun and creaking in the wind.
Owner Larry Harms remembers where many of them came from, but not the small blue Ford listing on its rear axle on a hill above the yard.
"That's a 1974 Mustang II," said Ron Ewing, sales manager at the yard.
America's taste for thirsty muscle cars began to fade in the 1970s, as fuel prices rose and federal regulations tightened.
"When Nader came in, they started downsizing," Ewing said.
Cars became more compact and were built around smaller, more fuel-efficient engines. The Mustang II is an example.
But to Ewing, who bought one of his first cars from Harms at age 16, the power of a big-block motor will never get old.
"I'd rather build cars than chase women," he said.
#49, the Turf Club Sign
TWIN FALLS - Twin Falls has changed since The Turf Club opened in 1946. The landmark building, in fact, was on county land before the city grew in around it.
The iconic cocktail sign has been on top for more than 50 years, said building owner Steve Soran.
"It happened when I was a little kid," he said.
He's been told the sign was made by Tex Williams of the Young Electric Sign Co., a company that played an early role in lighting the Las Vegas, Nev., strip.
"He worked on that sign between 1952 and 1954," Soran said.
The tall drink is bolted down with the orignal hardware but has yet to spill.
"It's sustained some of the darndest storms I've ever seen," Soran said.
What's in the glass?
"It's a Manhattan drink," said Paul Smith, local "novice" history buff.
#50 LDS Church Lava Rock Wall
On the Jerome Senior Center’s property is a lava-rock wall that runs along North Lincoln Avenue. This retaining wall is all that is left from a Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints’ stake center made entirely of lava rock. Construction of the church started in 1922 and finished in 1929.
Ray Olsen, a longtime Jerome resident and LDS member, said he attended services at the church when he was a child in the early 1950s.
In 1922, construction of what is now North Lincoln Avenue was underway, but a huge lava-rock pile was in the middle of the road. Members of the LDS community were asked to remove the rock pile in exchange for property between what is now Fifth Ave. E. and Fourth Ave. E. They also got to keep all the lava rock they removed, and they used it to build the church.
“It was a beautiful building, and it had a balcony in the chapel area and a nice cultural hall. It was two-story and all made of lava rock,” Olsen said.
The church got additions in 1956 and 1957 and was covered with red brick. “You wouldn’t have known that all that rock work was underneath it,” Olsen said.
The church was demolished in 2003, and only the wall remains.
#51, Deep Throat's Childhood Home in Twin Falls
TWIN FALLS - The man who would help bring down a president grew up at 160 Ninth Ave. N.
When Earl Felt bought the house for $600 in 1916, his son, William Mark, was 3 . The house had been built less than a decade before. The Felts got the house from the Fitch family, who got it in 1907 from the Twin Falls Townsite Co., which was selling the lots that would become the homes of the newly formed city.
W. Mark Felt graduated from Twin Falls High School in 1931,and went on to work first for Idaho's U.S. senators in Washington, D.C., before starting his career with the Federal Bureau of Investigation in 1942, eventually rising high in the bureau.
Felt is best known for feeding Washington Post reporter Bob Woodward information during that paper's investigation of the Watergate break-in. The journalists nicknamed him "Deep Throat." The Watergate controversy would end with President Richard Nixon's impeachment and resignation. Although there was speculation as early as the 1970s that Felt was the source, he denied it until 2005. He died in 2008.
And the house? It stayed in his family's hands until Felt's mother, Rose, died in 1967. Mark and his sister, Janet Hoefle, inherited the house and the rest of her property. The son lived in Virginia, the daughter in Texas, and they promptly sold the house to the Tulloch family. It has changed hands about eight times since.
#52, Arctic Circle Sign
TWIN FALLS - When the restaurant moved, the sign moved with it.
Arctic Circle, a fast-food restaurant founded in Utah with dozens of locations throughout the West, has been in Twin Falls since the 1950s, when Utah native Ed Howa moved to Twin Falls and opened the first three of what would become his 13 Arctic Circles restaurants in the area.
In 1961, he opened one on Filer Avenue and bought what would become an area icon -- a neon sign with the words "Arctic Circle" in big blue snowy letters over blue, snow-capped mountains as refreshing as one of their fresh lime rickeys, rising behind it the red and yellow rays of the sun.
In 1987, when the owners of Lynwood Shopping Center wanted to modernize the look of the plaza, they asked Arctic Circle to take down the sign. An overwhelming customer response in favor of keeping it got them to back off, though. Then, in the late 1990s, when the Filer Avenue location closed and the store moved to its current site on Blue Lakes Boulevard, the sign came with it.
"People identify us with that sign," owner Allan Howa, son of Ed, told the Times-News at the time.
#53, Fry Sauce
TWIN FALLS - Idaho isn't the only place in the world to mix two condiments to make another. But that doesn't make fry sauce any less Idaho.
The creamy, tangy sauce is a dipping invention claimed by the Utah-based Arctic Circle fast-food chain. They've been making it for more than 60 years.
Burger joints throughout the Magic Valley prepare it, too. At Burger Stop, on Addison Avenue, the kitchen goes through about 10 gallons a day between the self-serve pump and the kitchen, said cook Justin Bandy.
"It's a secret recipe, a Burger Stop sauce recipe," he said.
Despite its name, it isn't just for french fries. Bandy and his cohorts also put in on sandwiches.
"It's good on the hamburgers," said Dustee Emerson, 7, over burgers and fires with her father, David.
David is a truck driver, who first tried the concoction in California. He was quick to note that it can't be found everywhere. It's a regional thing.
He once had friends visit from Arizona and told them to make sure to try the local secret sauce.
"I bet if I took this back to Phoenix, it would be a gold mine," he said one friend told him.
#54, The Tater Pig, Idaho's Gourmet Gut Filler
What’s there to say about a sausage stuffed inside a baked potato that hasn’t already been written on the faces, cheeks, chins and shirts of thousands of Twin Falls County fairgoers for more than 25 years?
Not much. The tater pig does for southern Idaho taste buds what Shakespeare does for the heart and Mozart for the ears.
Twin Falls Magichords invented the tater pig. But its birthday remains somewhat disputed — multiple Times-News sources differ, some saying 1975, others 1966.
What’s clear is its permanence. Longtime Times-News writer Steve Crump said it is a “hit because it’s authentic.” And the tater pig allows a bit of creative independence — you can try it with chili, cheese, butter or sour cream on top.
“We had potato juice all over the wall,” said Fred Burkhalter, of one of the first methods the Magichords used. For those wanting to make the tater pig around the year, here is the recipe:
Six russett potatoes, medium to large. One pound breakfast sausage links or other small sausage, frozen. Preheat oven to 350. Wash potatoes but do not peel. Bore a ¾-inch-diameter hole lengthwise through the potato. A copper pipe or 7/8-inch drill bit makes a good borer. Insert the sausage into the potato, wrap the potato with foil and bake until well done, 50 to 60 minutes. Remove from foil, cut the potato open, and top with your favorite items.
#55, Hagerman Alligators
HAGERMAN • Alligators were just another of Leo Ray’s grand ideas.
He opened Fish Breeders of Idaho in Hagerman in 1973. There he farms catfish, talapia, trout and other finned fare.
In the late ’90s, he added alligators.
“We would bring them in as babies,” said Angie Jones, general manager.
The babies came from Florida, 1,000 at a time. When they grew large enough, they were processed on site for their meat and hides.
The company later learned that the reptiles are known to carry the West Nile Virus.
“We’re not in the alligator business any more,” Jones said.
But a few still lurk inside the viewing pen. They’re about 25 years old, weigh about 500 pounds each, and are 10 to 12 feet long. Those numbers are eyeballed.
“No one wants to go in there and measure them,” Jones said.
#56, Cheese Curds
GOODING • Cows moo, cheese curds squeak.
Squeaky cheese is popular for its taste and texture, but also for the sound it makes when chewed. But you have to eat them warm.
“They kinda lose their squeak once they get cold,” said Stacie Ballard, of Ballard Family Dairy & Cheese.
The curds are taken from vats in their youth, while the remaining curds are blocked and aged, or cheddared.
“It’s just young cheddar,” Ballard said.
The young curds toughen as they age and squeak less. But if you warm them, their pitch comes back.
Ballard likes to warm a bag of curds on her dashboard during road trips for a pop-in-the-mouth snack. They’re also good on salads and fry well with eggs, she said.
#57, the Snake River Canyon
TWIN FALLS • Until 15,000 years ago, give or take a few years, Lake Bonneville covered 32,000 square miles of northern Utah.
Then a weak spot, known now as Red Rock Pass near Preston, Idaho, gave way, releasing a torrent of water into southeastern Idaho.
The Great Bonneville Flood followed the Portneuf River into the Snake River.
The deluge may have lasted months, carving a spectacular canyon through what is now Twin Falls County, beginning at the Milner area.
At the Hansen Bridge, the canyon is 350 feet deep and 700 feet across; at the Perrine Bridge, the canyon is 485 feet deep and nearly 1,500 feet across.
Geologists estimate its maximum flow at 33 million cfs — hard to imagine considering the average flow today is about 3,000 cfs.
That flood is the second- largest known to have occurred in the world.
The canyon provides a scenic setting for recreation, inviting tourists from all over the globe.
#58, the Hagerman Horse Wasn't
HAGERMAN • Idaho’s original wild horse was a zebra.
In 1928, cattle rancher Elmer Cook was digging in the Hagerman Valley when he came across some strange bones, says an Idaho State Historical Society newsletter.
He showed them to a scientist friend, who brought in a Smithsonian Institution scientist who recognized this was something new.
The Smithsonian sent an expedition there, to what is known today as the Hagerman Fossil Beds, and recovered more than 3 tons of fossils — not only from this strange new ancient horse, but also from other prehistoric animals, such as saber-tooth cats and camels, and more mundane species that are still around today.
While there is no skeletal evidence of stripes, the Hagerman Horse’s bones are closer to the modern zebra than to horses, according to the National Park Service.
At 3.5 million years old, the fossils found here represent the oldest record of equus, the genus that includes modern horses, donkeys and zebras. And it is the largest find of an extinct species in one place: Remains from 200 horses have been recovered there, including 20 complete skeletons.
The Horse is believed to have gone extinct about 10,000 years ago. It became Idaho’s state fossil in 1988. And the fossil bed is a national park, where fossils still are found every year.
#59, the Skate Rink and Skateland
TWIN FALLS • Crack the whip, shoot the duck, and the couples skate. Generations of families have spent summer vacations, cured the winter blues and celebrated birthdays at Skateland in Twin Falls.
The roller-staking rink originally was downtown in the Radio Rondevoo on Main Avenue. In 1956, Pat and Anita Parrot bought the skate rink and continued to operate it downtown until about 1981, when it moved to 2100 Kimberly Road.
For the new rink floor, they reclaimed wood from the floors of the old O’Leary Junior High.
For many years, the rink only played organ music. But as popular music changed, the venue began to play modern rock and disco. Now the skate rink has to compete with video games and other electronic fun for attention, and it’s finding new ways to attract the next generation of skaters.
Still, each year, free skating at Skateland is one of the most popular attractions at Twin Falls Parks and Recreation’s annual Cabin Fever Day each January. The rink also helps Boy Scouts earn their roller-skating badges, and those who present a military ID get complimentary admission.
#60, Silver Creek
PICABO • Silver Creek is a pristine high desert spring that forms one of the best ecosystems in the West, providing a haven for insects, trout and birds.
About 8,000 people visit the Silver Creek Preserve near Picabo each year to fish, bird watch, canoe and hunt.
The area is world famous for its fly-fishing opportunities, as its nutrient- rich, crystal waters nourish “an exceptionally high density” of brown and rainbow trout — about 6,000 per mile, reports The Nature Conservancy.
The stream is often referred to as the “graduate school of fly fishing,” as its trout are quite experienced in detecting anglers’ presence.
It has attracted many famous people, most notably Ernest Hemingway. The famous author fished and hunted in the area before he settled in nearby Ketchum. A streamside stone marker now memorializes the author’s presence.
Silver Creek is also on the Idaho Birding Trail, and the preserve is home to more than 150 species of birds.
The Nature Conservancy owns the 882-acre Silver Creek Preserve, a section of the creek’s prime habitat. The agency also has partnered with neighbors to protect another 9,500 acres through conservation easements. The state provides access points downstream, outside of the preserve.
Conservation work and biological research at the preserve are ongoing. A restoration project to remove silt build-up, redirect flows and cool the water was completed last winter.
#61, Lake Walcott
ACEQUIA • In the 1930s, Lake Walcott State Park housed the Civilian Conservation Corps, which built many infrastructure projects nationwide.
The 65-acre park at Minidoka Dam is 11 miles northeast of Rupert at the edge of Idaho’s high desert. It is open year-round.
During Great Depression years, the CCC was developed as part of President Franklin D. Roosevelt’s “New Deal,” touted as workfare rather than welfare. It was designed to put young men to work building infrastructure and developing state parks.
Park Ranger Travis Taylor said the CCC workers lined all of the Minidoka Project canals with rock, and evidence of their handiwork remains in the park’s rock-lined walls and stairs.
“They also put in the trees and the grassy areas in the park,” Taylor said.
The buildings they lived in were demolished or moved, but some of their foundations and chimneys are still visible at the park, he said.
“Because of all of the grass and trees, afterwards it became a natural gathering place.”
The park has boating, swimming, a disc golf course, picnic pavilions, camping and a playground.
And, Taylor noted, “some of the best bird-watching in southern Idaho.” He has counted as many as 30 bald eagles in one day.
Taylor said the park draws many migratory songbirds, too, because of the vegetation.
In the late 1980s and early 1990s, the park underwent a multi-million dollar project adding restrooms, paved roads, walking trails, parking lots and camping spaces. A new visitors center opened in 2009.
#62, Joslin Field's T-33A
TWINFALLS - As people drive into Joslin Field Magic Valley Regional Airport to reach destinations beyond, they're treated to a visual reminder of yesteryear's aviation and its importance to the military.
The T-33A plane on display was donated to the City of Twin Falls in 1962 and placed on a pedestal display, Airport Manager Bill Carberry said.
The plane, a Korean War-era trainer from the 1950s, remains on display as "a tribute to our military aviators," he said.
"I think we've always had a community that's appreciated our veterans and our military, and it's been there a long time, and I think they've grown to know it, "Carberry said. "Same reason they like the air shows. I think we've got a community that appreciates our country, and it symbolizes those feelings."
Its placement is striking. As one approaches, the plane is angled in a way that gives the appearance of a take-off, he said.
"You come up to it, and it's coming at you. It hits people as soon as they come in."
The airport and Reeder Flying Service have performed periodic maintenance on the aircraft over the years, Carberry said.
#63, Hagerman Sheep Monument
HAGERMAN - A flock of eight sheep stand frozen in bronze on the north end of Hagerman.
Behind them, a herder leads his horse with his dog by his side.
This monument symbolizes and pays tribute to the sheep industry in the Hagerman Valley and Idaho.
The life-size bronze monument was designed and crafted by Twin Falls sculptor Danny Edwards and dedicated June 29, 2013.
More than than 300 people attended the dedication, including Lt. Gov. Brad Little.
This artwork was based on longtime rancher Bill Jones' dream to memorialize the contributions by his parents, Johnny and Ethel, to 75 years of sheep ranching in the Hagerman Valley.
Jones commissioned the sculpture and donated it to the Hagerman Valley Historical Society
The monument sits along U.S. 30 at the north end of Hagerman.
#64, The 'Buhl Woman'
BUHL • The Buhl Woman, one of the best preserved and most thoroughly studied skeletons of its age known from the Americas, was uncovered in January 1989 in a quarry owned by the Buhl Highway District near the Kanaka Rapids.
When a human femur was found by a quarry worker filtering gravel, Jim Woods, then-director of the Herrett Center for Arts and Science, was called to investigate.
Woods and Phyllis Oppenheim, then the Herrett’s collections manager, found one of the most complete human burials on the North American continent.
Buried with her were a 4-inch Clovis point, a bone needle and a hair ornament.
Recent studies indicate that the Buhl Woman lived about 12,675 years ago, near the time the Snake River Canyon was formed.
According to Idaho law, ancient remains belong to Native Americans, so the Buhl Woman’s skeleton was reburied on the Fort Hall Reservation.
The Buhl Woman’s remains still present controversy because they do not physically resemble modern Native Americans.
Some scientists say the skeleton belongs to a group different from all modern people, one that came over separately from the ancestors of today’s Native Americans.
#65, Idaho's Dairy Industry
TWIN FALLS • Idaho is home to 553,681 dairy cows, which puts the state fourth in the nation for milk production.
Nearly 400,000 of those cows are in dairies in the Magic Valley.
Over the past 30 years, the Magic Valley has surpassed the rest of the state in milk production. Today’s Magic Valley dairy cow population represents a 528 percent increase over the 75,000 cows milked here in 1986.
Most growth in the dairy industry has come from Gooding, Twin Falls, Jerome and Cassia counties, according to Idaho Dairymen’s Association figures.
The size of dairy operations in the Magic Valley varies from fewer than 200 cows to more than 13,000.
Idaho cows produce more than 13 billion pounds of milk a year, reports the Idaho Dairy Products Commission.
“Idaho dairy farms currently support more than 33,000 jobs, which makes the dairy industry one of the largest economic drivers in Idaho,” said Tony Vanderhulst, president of the Idaho Dairymen’s Association.
#66, Wright Built Teaters' Dream
HAGERMAN - When architect Frank Lloyd Wright was asked to design the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, he balked.
"I can think of several more desirable places in the world to build this great museum," he told Arthur Holden in 1949.
Wright said New York City was over developed, over populated and lacked architectural merit, says the museum's website.
One can only imagine his reaction when Patricia and Archie Teater asked him to design their Hagerman studio two years later. They dreamed of building "a spot of interest to humanity," says author Henry Whiting II, of Bliss.
The one-room stone, wood and glass structure sits on a knoll high above the Snake River, with a panoramic view of the Owyhee Desert.
The Teaters used the studio from the 1950s to the mid 1970s. It's where Archie, a prolific western landscape painter, is said to have done his best work.
The private residence still stands.
#67, Devil's Washbowl
HAGERMAN - Travelers zipping along Interstate 84 between Twin Falls and Mountain Home often are taken aback when the earth suddenly falls out from under them and they find their cars perched over the gorgeous Malad Canyon.
Below their tires is an often-photographed section of that canyon called "The Devil's Washbowl," northwest of Hagerman.
The washbowl was created by a combination of volcanic activity and erosion from the Malad River, the combination of the Big Wood and Little Wood rivers that pours into the Snake River.
The feature is part of Thousands Springs State Park's Malad Gorge Unit and is known for whipping the otherwise lazy river into a froth and expelling it down a waterfall. Only a small contingent of brave kayakers have navigated the stretch.
"Following the volcanic episodes, alpine glacial snowmelt from the north began flowing toward the Snake River," says Idaho Parks and Recreation Department. "As the water reached this area, it began to widen weak joints in the basalt, eroding them to greater widths and depths. This widening began at the edge of the Snake River canyon as a raging waterfall. Over time, the waters retreated 2 ½ miles to the present, 60-foot waterfall at Devil's Washbowl."
#68, in the Home of the Hummingbirds
Hundreds of hummingbirds migrate to the South Hills in late April but are gone by mid-September.
To see them, simply sit quietly as they flit and zoom over your head to feeders set up in trees alongside a dirt road.
To get there, take Rock Creek Road south from Hansen for 28 miles until you reach Magic Mountain Ski Resort. Directly across from the resort is Rogerson Road; take that road west for about 9 miles. Look for the wooden sign to your left that says, “Home of the Hummingbirds.”
The hummingbirds have had several keepers over the years. The feeders first were installed by Kimberly barber Marv Richeson. Then they were filled by Virgil Brockman, of Jerome, for 17 years. More recently, John McManus, of Kimberly, has cared for the tiny aviators.
Last year, McManus said, he was feeding hummingbirds 1 gallon of feed a day, or 7 gallons per week.
If you prefer a more secluded spot among the colorful birds, another feeding site is less than a mile up the road. But it’s even harder to find. The pull-off is on the left, and a worn trail leads you to eight feeders hanging in a grove of trees.
#69, the Eagle Tree
WENDELL • In a cottonwood tree tucked in the farming hillside of Gooding County is a breathtaking sight — a large gathering of bald eagles roosting.
But this tree, while perhaps the Magic Valley’s most notable, is not the only area hangout for America’s beloved national bird.
In Wendell, the predators gather in early December and stay until about mid-March. The tree is near West Point Service, a store and cafe along West Point Road southwest of Wendell.
The area is likely an eagle magnet because of the view it offers for foraging.
As the sun sets, the number of eagles rises, and cars often line the road to observe with binoculars and cameras. Other trees are in the area, but the raptors seem to prefer the biggest of the bunch, which sits northwest of the store. The tree has been known to hold 100 birds.
Another popular eagle viewing site is in the Earl M. Hardy Box Canyon Springs Nature Preserve. An overlook about two-thirds of a mile from the parking lot provides scenic and solitary viewing. The parking lot is at 1500 E. 3400 S., near Wendell.
Another option is the trees above the Snake River Canyon’s old Camp Roach site, a former Boy Scout camp on Idaho Power Co. property.
The site is at the foot of the canyon wall beside Banbury Springs-fed wetlands.
To get to a small parking lot and trailhead leading to the camp, head south of Box Canyon on 1500 East, turn west on 3500 South and take the dirt road to the canyon rim.
#70, Antique Horse-Drawn Hearse
GOODING • A horse-drawn hearse sits outside of Demaray Funeral Service’s Gooding chapel.
Business owner Dwain Demaray’s parents bought the hearse in the 1980s in Sunnyside, Wash.
He said he doesn’t know the history beyond that.
His parents used it for a parade and one funeral before deciding to put it on display.
A few families have asked about using it again, Demaray said. But because of the hearse’s age and challenges with getting insurance, it will remain on display.
It’s in a display case, lighted at night, on the south side of Demaray’s Gooding location.
The funeral service used to have a hearse from the early 1900s. It was donated to the Old Idaho Penitentiary in Boise, where it’s on display, too.
#71, Mary Alice Park
TWIN FALLS • Mary Alice Park is a haven for artists and community members looking for a place to relax.
The park is nestled between businesses on Twin Falls’ Main Avenue.
Art Hoag dedicated the park in memory of his late wife, Mary Alice Nolan Hoag, in September 2008.
Then it was donated to the Art Guild of Magic Valley in December 2009.
Mary Alice Park features sculptures, a few water features, a memorial garden and a large chessboard and checkerboard.
The park also has sandboxes that families and artists can use.
“It’s open all day every day, if the weather is good, for the community to enjoy,” Hoag said.
Last year, he put in a handicapped accessible walkway. The park also can be reserved for private events.
Mary Alice Park is a popular hangout for Magic Valley High School students, whether with a class or after school.
Last year, students planted a Sept. 11, 2001, memorial blue spruce at the park.
Magic Valley High has even held a graduation ceremony and a couple of plays there.
“The school really enjoys it,” Hoag said.
#72, Canyonside School
JEROME • Canyonside School, one of Jerome’s early rural schools, still stands after more than 90 years.
But now the building, on Golf Course Road near 400 South in Jerome, is privately owned.
A few country schools were built in the area between 1918 and 1930, the Jerome School District reports.
Land was purchased for $255 and the Canyonside School opened in 1921.
A $114,000 bond was used for several school projects, and $38,000 was spent to build Canyonside and Pleasant Plains schools, say North Side News archives.
Like many rural schools, they were built of rock because lumber was too expensive.
#73, Fish Farms, Idaho's Age of Aquaculture
HAGERMAN • As the Eastern Snake River Plain aquifer reaches the dauntingly beautiful walls of the Snake River Canyon, spring water gushes across the area known as Thousand Springs.
Many an entrepreneur has diverted that water to raise plump rainbow trout for commercial consumption.
Many of those fish farms still operate today near Hagerman, a hamlet originally founded during the Snake River gold rush. The springs maintain an ideal temperature for large-scale fish propagation.
Jack W. Tingey began one of the first commercial trout operations there in 1928, says the Idaho Historical Society.
Trout long has been a strong economic factor in the Hagerman Valley, and more than 75 percent of commercial trout is produced there.
Hatcheries produce millions of fish each year for everything from commercial consumption, to trout, sturgeon and steelhead for conservation.
#74, Stricker Store
HANSEN • The store at Ben Holladay’s Rock Creek Stage Stop was the first trading post on the Old Oregon Trail between Fort Hall and Fort Boise.
James Bascom built the stage station in 1865 where the Oregon Trail intersected the Kelton Freight Road, near the South Hills.
It served as a saloon, dance hall, post office, polling place and supply post for emigrants traveling west.
German-born Herman Stricker and his partner John Botzet bought the property from Bascom in 1876.
In 1882, Stricker married Lucy Walgamott, sister of Charles Walgamott, who homesteaded at Shoshone Falls and introduced I.B. Perrine to the Blue Lakes in the Snake River Canyon.
Today, Stricker Ranch, at 3715 E. 3200 N., south of Hansen, is open to the public. Visitors can tour the log store, two stone cellars, a cemetery and the 1901 Stricker home.
The Idaho State Historical Society owns the site, which is maintained and operated by volunteers.
#75, Camp Bradley Long Has Served Scouts
STANLEY • Nestled in the wilderness near Stanley, Camp Bradley has served Boy Scouts for decades.
The Snake River Council bought the camp in 1956, its website says.
A few years later, the first Boy Scouts started coming to the camp for horseback riding, whitewater rafting and other adventures.
A new lodge opened in 1975, and renovations have been made over the years.
The camp had to be evacuated in July 2013 when the Bradley fire ignited about 15 miles northwest of Stanley.
In 2012, fire crews had protected structures at the camp while the Halstead Fire burned more than 182,000 acres of the Salmon-Challis Forest.
#76, Snake River Aerial Tramway
JEROME - When farmers began settling the Magic Valley, they had few ways to cross the enormous Snake River Canyon.
Ferries were the norm then, including Clark's Ferry, Shoshone Falls Ferry and Starrh's Ferry. And one rickety suspension bridge was at Milner, wide enough for a man to walk a horse across.
A new venture began in 1909 to build a tram across the Snake River below Auger Falls to carry commodities to the new farmland on the canyon's north side.
Workers took two months to suspend 10 tons of cable across the 2,200-foot-wide canyon, linking the Paul Costello farm on the south side with the Stanely Wilson farm to the north.
The Snake River Aerial Tramway Co. began operation in June 1909.
The tram was never designed to transport people, but a man nicknamed "Weary Willie" took a ride with several bags of oats from the south side to the north.
He vowed never to do it again.
#77, Old Oregon Trail Ruts at Milner Historic Recreation Area
BURLEY • More than 2,000 miles of trail ruts, cut by thousands of emigrant wagons traveling west in the 19th century, still can be seen along the Old Oregon Trail.
U.S. 30 generally follows the main route of the Oregon Trail through Idaho.
Just upstream from Milner Dam, emigrants rested at a point along the Snake River called “the Cedars,” where a well-preserved section of ruts remains today.
In 1976, the Bureau of Land Management and the National Parks Service dedicated the Milner Ruts as part of the National Historic Trail system, which winds through Missouri, Kansas, Nebraska, Wyoming, Idaho and Oregon, to celebrate the triumphs of the pioneers.
A hiking path and historical site describing the Cedars and the Oregon Trail are near the recreational area, 9 miles west of Burley.
#78, The Depot Grill
The Depot Grill was home to a bottling company in 1910. It became the Depot Service in 1917 and started serving food.
Flanked by an ice house, people traveled there on a daily train called the Galloping Goose, said owner Steve Soran. In the 1940s, it became the Depot Grill.
Then came the Train Wreck.
"The Train Wreck is a double order of our stack of pancakes, a double order of our sausage, which comes to a pound, and four eggs served on a turkey platter," said Soran. If you can eat all 5 pounds in 30 minutes or less, the $25 tab is on him.
Drew Adams recently completed the challenge in 12 minutes and 5 seconds.
"That's flat gettin' with it," Soran said.
For his record time, Adams gets a free monthly breakfast. He also got a Train Wreck t-shirt.
"He wore a medium," Soran said. "He was a little bitty guy."
#79, Potato Ice Cream, Cloverleaf's Tornado Eraser
BUHL - Cloverleaf Creamery's potato ice cream predates the current dairy owners. Donna and Bill Stoltzfus bought Smith's Dairy in 2007, and the recipe came with it.
"I can tell you it's not one of our best flavors," Donna said.
The shop scoops about 34 flavors, but not all at the same time. The potato recipe makes only an occasional appearance in the 24 flavor dipping station.
Keeping the tuber taste on the menu might just be a testament to the quality of the creamery's ice cream.
"Our ice cream is so good, you can put potato in it," Donna said.
Eating it might just be a way to say you've visited the Magic Valley, she said.
"It's like driving through Kansas and buying an eraser in the shape of a tornado."
#80, the Real Blue Lakes
TWIN FALLS - On the north side of the Snake River Canyon rest two crystal lakes with a beauty so radiant they anchored I.B. Perrine, the grandfather of Twin Falls, to the area. In that way, they are critical to the history of Twin Falls and the Magic Valley.
Perrine settled in the area after fellow pioneer Charles Walgamott showed him around as Perrine searched for prime cattle grazing range to support his business, selling milk to Wood River Valley miners.
After falling in love with the scenery, he moved his cows to Shoshone and began diverting water on his 1,000-acre Blue Lakes farm. The two colorful lakes feed Alpheus Creek, which runs through the Blue Lakes Country Club.
Perrine dug diversion ditches to direct spring water from the lakes to rows and rows of thirsty fruit trees and vineyards. The water must have been the magic ingredient: His fruit took gold medal at the Paris World's Fair in 1900 and again at the Lewis and Clark Exposition in Portland, Ore., in 1905.
Perrine also built a road and a hotel there, marketing it as a "beautiful, quiet place where health and pleasure and a happy time may be had," says Jim Gentry's "In the Middle and On The Edge."
"His orchard and gardens illustrate the possibilities of irrigation and testify to his intelligence and industry," wrote visiting William Jennings Bryan, 1896 presidential candidate. "It would be difficult to conceive of a rarer collection of beautiful views than presented at Mr. Perrine's ranch."
#81, Rock Chucks Bring Money to Bliss
BLISS | Rock chucks. They're furry, almost cute, and sometimes they get really large.
They stand on rocks, wringing their little paws, nervously watching for preditors.
And they can eat a farmer out of house and home.
But the critters bring in a lot of money for the tiny town of Bliss.
Each spring, marmot hunters converge on the Outlaws and Angels bar in town to compete in the Rock Chuck Derby.
Contestants hope to beat Rick Eggleston's 2012 world record -- a rock chuck weighing 16.53 pounds.
Rock chucks, or yellow-bellied marmots, live in colonies and spend about 80 percent of their life in burrow. They hibernate from September to May, depending on the elevation.
Before the freeway came in decades ago, Bliss was a booming town; afterward, the town dried up. The Rock Chuck Derby is now the biggest event in town.
#82, Kasota Park Offers Variety of Fun
PAUL • Many people motoring along Interstate 84 between Burley and Twin Falls have wondered about the large slides and lake near Kasota Road exit 201.
The Kasota Corn Maze opened in 2010, carved to resemble Buzz Lightyear from Toy Story, but the maze closed in 2012 to update the lakeside RV park, which has 20 hookup sites.
"With our wide variety of activities, there's something to keep every member of your family entertained," Vicki Vandever, co-owner of Kasota Park, told the Times-News in December. "Go for a thrill ride on our zip line, let the kids cool off on our water slides, grab your clubs and set out on a nine-hole golf outing, or simply relax by the lake. Whatever you do, have a blast creating memories at Kasota Park."
The park lays claim to the tallest slides in the Magic Valley and a quarter-mile of zip lines, plus tennis courts, a golf course and driving lines. The park is closed during the winter.
#83, Steak Fingers
TWIN FALLS • Bartender John Fuss doesn’t know where steak fingers came from or why they’re supposedly an Idaho thing. But the Cove, a Twin Falls bar, has been frying them fresh since 1953.
“We bread ‘em ourselves,” Fuss said.
The fingers are made with tender sirloin steak that gets battered and deep fried. At the Cove, they fry under pressure.
“We do have the pressure fryers for those,” Fuss said.
Pressure frying is said to lock in the moisture, but he says you can achieve the same results by careful cooking.
It’s hard to put a number on how many fingers the Cove sells, Fuss said, but he guessed they account for half its daily orders. He eats them, too.
“Oh heck yeah, I eat ’em. I try to watch the fried food, but I splurge.”
#84, Our Oldest Old Mining Town
HAILEY | While modern-day reminders are scant, the Wood River Valley was home to several booms that led miners to establish tiny towns over deposits of gold and galena ore.
Some burgs were built and torn down before they could be named, writes Sandra Hofferber in “A Pictorial Early History of the Wood River Valley.”
“Legend has it that it was a dog that made the first big strike in the Wood River Valley,” the author writes. “Prospector Dan Scribner awoke one morning to his dog’s frantic barking. The dog had chased a badger into its burrow … and as it started digging the varmint out, chunks of high-grade galena ore came along with the dirt.”
Towns such as East Fork City, Gold Belt City and Marshall were platted but never settled. Others -- such as Gilman City, Gimlet, Galena, Sawtooth City, Vienna, Crichton, Soldier, Hill City Corral, Maynard, Doniphan, Broadford, Muldoon, LeDuc and Naples -- boomed but were demolished.
The largest, longest-lasting of these towns was Bullion, which attracted thousands of people and had stores, boarding homes, saloons, a post office and a school.
Former Times-News history writer Virginia Ricketts noted that the first steam whistle in the Wood River Valley was heard in the town, “causing quite a commotion among animals and people alike.”
“Today there is hardly a trace Bullion was ever there,” Hofferber writes. “ ... a few broken foundations, the dirt roads and some rusty equipment.”
#85, Methodist Church Dome
TWIN FALLS | One day in 1995, First United Methodist Church choir director Clarence Dudley looked up and didn't like what he saw.
"I was looking at the Plexiglas sections someone had put in our sanctuary dome," Dudley said. "The glass had come out in 1950 because of breakage."
The dome had first been constructed in 1920, Dudley explained, when church members requested more light in the sanctuary. It was made of textured glass and decorated with stained-glass colored rings.
Church member Al Dougherty enlisted son-in-law Richard Smith, a stained glass artist, to restore the dome. On Sept. 30, 1995 the dome was dedicated to Dougherty's parents, Earl and Mary Dougherty who were early members of the church.
The church began as Twin Falls' first schoolhouse, a few blocks from its present location. In 1906, the congregation moved the wooden structure to Fourth Avenue East near Shoshone Street. A white brick facade with pointed Gothic arches was added to the church in 1908.
In 1916, the congregation remodeled the existing church and added a massive brown sandstone sanctuary on the south corner of Fourth Avenue and Shoshone Street East.
#86, What's That Smell?
TWIN FALLS | Some might tell you this town stinks. Not every day, depending on which way the wind blows. But the scents of the Magic Valley reflect its industries and growth: The sugar factory, french-fry factory, dairies, meat packinghouse and sewage treatment plants have all offended their neighbors' noses from time to time.
Love it, hate it, or feel a twang of nostalgia when you catch a whiff of it, the scent of sugar beets being processed means you’re in the Magic Valley.
Sugar factories spend hundreds of thousands of dollars to reduce the smell, which comes from settling ponds and the drying process for beet pulp.
With 299 producers and 398,840 cows, the Magic Valley has produced 9.776 billion pounds of milk worth $1.753 billion at the farm.
All those cows make a lot of waste and dairy farms that emit excessive odors can be cited and required to develop an odor management plan
Then there are the sweeter smells: fresh cut hay, autumn leaves in the South Hills, the College of Southern Idaho rose garden and a wood burning stove on a chilly evening.
#87, M60 Tank at the Army National Guard Armory
TWIN FALLS | As you drive through the College of Southern Idaho campus and pass by the Idaho Army National Guard Armory, you might notice the M60 Patton tank out front.
Tanks become available for public display when they are obsolete, said Idaho National Guard spokesman Tim Marsano. Their engines and ordinance capabilities are removed.
The tank in question was built in 1981. In 1996, Twin Falls requested and got two tanks for public display -- one in front of the armory, one that is on display at the Joslin Field Magic Valley Airport.
The M60 was introduced in 1960, and was America’s main battle tank during the Cold War. They saw service in Vietnam, Grenada, Beirut and the first Gulf War. The U.S. has also sold them to Israel and other Middle Eastern allies.
#88, Silent Chimes
TWIN FALLS • The clock’s chimes have been silent for some time now. Its hands are still. But for decades, the landmark clock at the south corner of Shoshone Street and Main Avenue in Twin Falls kept the town on time.
The clock, made by O.B. McClintock Co. of Minneapolis, hangs from the corner of the old Twin Falls Bank and Trust building — now Wells Fargo Bank.
The clock juts out diagonally, high above the sidewalk, so that one of its four faces is visible from any direction.
“It is of historic significance to the community,” said Jim Conder, who worked on the clock in the past. “I would hope to see some effort to bring it back to service.”
Nearly every week since 1917, someone would climb the stairs to a locked closet on the second floor to wind the clock.
When wound, the spring would advance the master clock one cog every 60 seconds, and an electrical impulse would travel from the master clock to the slave unit, to move the hands around the clock faces on the street. A pendulum kept the speed of the clock accurate.
Every 15 minutes, a separate impulse coaxed the Westminster Quarters from the clock chimes.
Don Tucker was the last timekeeper of the clock. He watched and wound the clock for more than a decade before his death in 2010.
At some point, the clock ended up in a landfill, said Conder, relaying what was told to him by a custodian at the bank many years ago. The clock was removed during a remodel of the bank and mistakenly sent out with the trash.
#89, Historic Theater in Buhl
BUHL | In the late 1920s, Harris-Voeller Co. decided to open a new theater on Broadway Avenue in Buhl.
An old building was demolished to make way for the Ramona Theater.
Resident Jim Barker has pieced together its history from stories in the Buhl Herald.
The structure was designed with a Spanish-style exterior.
“The building, constructed by George Stichter, was to be completed about the middle of May 1928,” Barker's research shows. “It was designed to be one of the finest theater buildings in southern Idaho.”
The stage was 26 by 50 feet.
“For the use of traveling troupes who might visit the theater, there would be six rooms beneath the stage: three dressing rooms and wardrobes, a music room, a men’s chorus room, and a women’s chorus room.”
The theater manager held a contest to name the building. Of more than 150 entries, M.C. MacQuivey -- pharmacist at the Buhl Pharmacy -- won.
On opening night, audience members watched “Happiness Ahead,” a silent film.
#90: Chobani Yogurt
TWIN FALLS | Hamdi Ulukaya, founder and CEO of Chobani Inc., came to the United States from rural Turkey with little more than an entrepreneurial spirit and an appreciation for good food.
Ulukaya’s success in the yogurt industry has since put Twin Falls on the business map.
Seven years after starting Chobani, Ulukaya invested $450 million to build the world’s largest yogurt manufacturing plant in Twin Falls. The yogurt giant from New Berlin, N.Y., opened its almost one-million-square-foot production facility in Twin Falls in December 2012.
Chobani also moved its entire research and design department from New York to Twin Falls.
Chobani is now the best selling Greek yogurt brand in the nation. The Twin Falls plant went from producing 100,000 cases a week to more than 1 million cases a week.
Six other food giants since have followed suit by either expanding operations in the Magic Valley or planning to move here. This represents a total investment of more than $773 million and will directly or indirectly produce 5,000 new jobs, said Jan Rogers, executive director of Southern Idaho Economic Development Organization.
Much of the area’s recent economic growth is tied to Chobani, Rogers said.
Farm production always has been strong in the Magic Valley. But a few years ago, “we decided to go ‘all in’ on food,” Rogers said. “We are really growing our food science sector. Now, we’re America’s most diverse food basket.”
#91, Burley Protesters Use Red Truck
BURLEY | Protesters have enjoyed a long history of free speech in Burley, including use of a red truck covered with signs and painted messages strategically located to attract attention downtown.
In July, objectors turned their attention to the Cassia County Courthouse, where Ronald Kelsey, Christy Stewart and a man in a Guy Fawkes mask who gave his name as “Anonymous” held up a cardboard sign saying, “I’m Starving 4 Freedom.”
The protest was one in a series spearheaded by the Kelsey brothers, who have taken many causes to the people using the truck.
The red truck, however, has not been seen parked in Burley for months.
Ron Kelsey said the truck and its companion white car are owned by Bret Kelsey and disappeared from Burley streets after the city changed its parking regulations.
The protesters’ complaints included unfair news coverage by the papers, unhappiness with cell phone service providers, disagreements with irrigation districts, alleged misdeeds by local banks and many allegations against sheriffs, prosecutors and judges for what the protesters called “Medieval justice in Cassia County.”
The picketing began after Ron and Bret Kelsey and Leesa Woodbury were charged with allegedly stealing items from a home that had been repossessed.
A jury heard both brothers’ cases and acquitted them. Woodbury pleaded guilty to a reduced misdemeanor charge of unlawful entry.
#92, Bisbee's Glass Plate Negatives
TWIN FALLS | Jessie M. Robinson and Clarence Bisbee met in Nebraska in 1904 but were separated two years later when Bisbee moved to Twin Falls to start his photography career.
Clarence first set up shop in a 16-by-28 tent on Main Avenue. He later moved his studio to a commercial building downtown.
All the while, he courted Jessie from afar, sending her photographs of the natural wonders that would be part of their life together if she would come to Idaho.
In June 1910, Clarence went to Nebraska to bring Jessie home to Twin Falls. On the train ride back, they stopped in Salt Lake City to be married.
O.A. “Gus” Kelker, a former Times-News photographer. was one of three men who paid to have 2,450 glass negatives of original photography by Bisbee remain in Idaho.
Kelker and his party later donated the glass-plate negatives of Bisbee’s collection to the Twin Falls County Historical Society.
The Twin Falls Public Library took possession of the negatives in the 1980s and has kept them stored safely and properly in sleeves and boxes especially designed for preservation.
#93, Falls Brand
TWIN FALLS | The Independent Meat Co., which owns Falls Brand, processes more than 600 hogs a day. What it doesn't turn into its own products, it sells fresh to the food and grocery industry. The plant only idles about eight hours a day, and when it does, it's cleaned, sanitized and inspected.
"You don't want any harmful bacteria," said John Howard, U.S. marketing director.
Independent formed in 1907 when three downtown Twin Falls meat markets merged, says the "Twin Falls Century Book 1904-2004." Frank J. Terrill owned the Independent Meat Market. Cattleman Robert Brose opened the Twin Falls Meat Co. in 1906. Carl Jungst opened a market downtown in 1910, just before the three merged.
In the 1940s, Otto Florence Sr. bought out the company with his three sons.
"By then, all the meat markets had been closed and a new era as a slaughterer, meat processor and wholesale distributor had begun," Otto Jr. wrote in the book.
His son Patrick, company owner and CEO, was not available to comment.
"He's at some affluent pork meetings," Howard said.
#94, the BASE Jumper
TWIN FALLS | They come from around the world to climb over the railing of the Perrine Bridge and fling themselves 486 feet down, parachutes on their backs.
Those below hear "Wooo!" and then the whoosh as the chute opens and the BASE jumper glides to the ground.
The Perrine is the only man-made structure in the U.S. where BASE jumping is allowed year-round without a permit. It started from the bridge in the late 1980s.
Jumpers use a parachute to leap from Building, Antenna, Span or Earth (BASE). A few are injured or die each year, but most jumps are smooth sailing.
The Perrine Bridge Festival, originally called Parachutes for Kids, has raised more than $156,000 to help children with special needs.
Twin Falls' famous centenarian, Dorothy Custer, tandem BASE jumped on her 102nd birthday in May 2013. She's the world's oldest BASE jumper, said Sean Chuma, who made the jump with her.
Instead of a 50-second free fall in skydiving, BASE jumpers sail down in only three to four seconds, Chuma said. They call that the Twilight Zone.
#95, Solo Cup Made in Twin Falls
TWIN FALLS | Now a red Solo Cup is the best receptacle for barbecues, tailgates, fairs and festivals, and you, sir, lack a pair ...
If you're familiar with Toby Keith's song "Red Solo Cup," then you know why the rest of that verse is unfit to print.
What you might not know about the ubiquitous disposable party cup is that contrary to urban myth, the lines on the sides are not meant to measure alcohol. They simply add strength to the cup, as do the lip roll and material used.
Leo Hulseman, a former employee of the Dixie Co., founded the Paper Container Manufacturing Co. in 1936. In the 1970s, it introduced the signature red cup, which has become America's top-selling plastic party cup. The company opened a plant in Twin Falls in 1998.
The plant manufactures plastic utensils and straws, employing about 120 people.
#96, 'Uncle Fred' Nihart Fountain
Buhl | Thanks to "Uncle Fred" Nihart, a bridge was erected over the Snake River at Clear Lakes, joining the west end of Twin Falls County and Gooding County.
As a member of the Idaho Legislature, Nihart was pivotal in obtaining state funding to build the Clear Lakes Bridge, connecting Buhl and Wendell.
Buhl historian Jim Barker wrote in his book "Century of Stories" that prior to the bridge, the only way across the river was by private ferry.
Nihart taught school for 21 years in five different states, occupied various Methodist Episcopal pulpits and owned newspapers in Illinois, Nebraska, Utah and Idaho.
Nihart arrived in the Magic Valley in 1905 and moved to Buhl in 1906.
Nihart was widely respected. Urged to run for office by many, he entered the political realm in 1911 as a Republican candidate for Twin Falls County Representative to the Idaho Legislature. He served two terms.
"Uncle Fred Nihart is the one man whom I have never heard criticized and about whom I have never heard an ill word spoken," said Rep. Harry Barry in a 1934 tribute during the dedication of the "Uncle Fred" Nihart fountain on the Clear Lakes Grade. "No greater monument can any man build.”
#97, Dierkes Lake
TWIN FALLS | Dierkes Lake is a popular Twin Falls swimming and fishing hole, but it wasn't always.
The area was originally a "blind canyon" discovered by John Dierke, a German immigrant who came to Idaho in 1907. Dierke found the area while on the job for Idaho Power and saw the potential of the canyon's creek.
He planted apple, cherry and peach trees there, according to Mary J. Inman's Twin Falls Centurybook. But irrigation the fields above the lake caused the water table to begin to rise. While the surprise irrigated the orchards nicely, it didn't stop, and Dierke picked his final fruit from a rowboat.
The lake was sold to the city of Twin Falls in 1969. Today, it is an important summer feature for many youths. The lake is stocked with fish such as blue gill and trout for anglers' enjoyment.
Dierkes Lake is also a popular destination for Idaho's landlocked scuba divers. Its waters feature sunken rowboats, a swimming triangle, a metal shark cutout and a hidden treasure chest. The City Council recently approved a proposal to add more features, most notably an old crop duster, to create a scuba diving park.
#98, Magic Valley Stampede
TWIN FALLS | John Pitz isn't exactly sure when the Magic Valley Stampede started.
"The rodeo itself started in the 1940s or 50s," the Twin Falls County Fair manager said.
But he knows it's been around long enough to last through three rodeo associations.
First came the Cowboy Turtle Association, which formed in the 1930s when a group of angry cowboys organized a strike against a promoter. They were slow to organize but "stuck their neck out," the Pro Rodeo Hall of Fame website says. The organization became the Rodeo Cowboys Association in the 1940's and the Professional Rodeo Cowboys Association about 30 years later.
Filer might be a small town, but for rodeoers, the Stampede is serious business.
"The total prize money here is between 95 and $96,000," Pitz said.
About 11,000 spectators pile into the grandstands each year to see some of the country's top performers.
"We get top 15 cowboys in every event," Pitz said.
Going into national competition, a rodeo cowboys' ranks are determined by how much money they earn during the season. The Stampede happens late in the season making it a draw for top riders like roper Trevor Brazile and Luke Branquinho.
"He was world champion bulldogger," Pitz said.
Bulldogger is rodeo speak for steer wrestler.
#99, the Siphon
KIMBERLY • As construction of the Twin Falls South Side Irrigation Project progressed, the 80-feet-deep Rock Creek Canyon became an obstacle to the westbound Low Line Canal.
The canal followed the land’s contour until it reached the canyon about 3 miles south of present-day Kimberly.
Engineers designed an inverted siphon, based on a principle used by ancient Romans, to move canal water across the 440-feet-wide canyon.
“The Siphon,” as it is called, was manufactured at Frank Buhl’s steel plant in Sharon, Pa., and sent by rail in half-circle sections to Kimama in January 1905.
Buhl’s Pennsylvania crew worked four months to assemble the sections into a 10-feet-wide pipe that crossed the canyon.
After installation began, photographer C.R. Savage gathered men who were instrumental in its design for a photo at the siphon. Peter Kimberly is seen seated, while Walter Filer is standing in the middle of the siphon, with J.D. Schuyler on the left and Frank Buhl on the right.
The siphon carries the entire Low Line Canal across the canyon. Canal water enters the siphon at the top of the canyon and drops 80 feet. Gravity forces the water through the siphon up the canyon’s west wall and into the slightly lower canal waiting on the other side. Maximum flow is 1,300 cubic feet per second.
Modern engineers tried to improve its performance by installing a vent in 2001, but it worked poorly the entire irrigation season. The vent was removed, and the siphon has worked perfectly since, said Joe Webster, Twin Falls Canal Co. historian.
“I guess the old boys knew what they were doing,” Webster said.
#100, Times-News 110th Anniversary
TWIN FALLS • When the first edition of the Twin Falls News was published in 1904, the young village had two general stores, two livery stables, two restaurants, two saloons, a lumber yard, a brick yard, a meat market, a blacksmith shop, a rooming house and a real estate office.
Editors O.H. Barber and Charles P. Diehl, both of Salt Lake City, printed 1,000 copies of the regular press run and sometimes another 8,000 copies purchased by the Twin Falls Investment Co., which owned stock in the newspaper, to promote the Twin Falls Tract.
The following year, Wilbur S. Hill started the Twin Falls Times.
During World War I, the Times supported the war effort by establishing the Times Smokes Fund and raised money to send 622 packs of cigarettes to American soldiers.
In 1919, the Associated Press wire service came to Twin Falls, bringing more news faster to customers.
In 1937, Roland S. Tofflemire, publisher of the Twin Falls News and owner of the Twin Falls Times, coined the term “Magic Valley.”
Within a few years, Tofflemire combined the two papers into the Times-News.